Trumpet concert with Håkan Hardenberger.
The Trumpet Revolution
Few cities have meant as much to the development of European music as Vienna: Viennese Classicism, the Viennese Waltz, the Second and Third Viennese Schools, and so on. This concert programme drops in on a few points in the city’s musical history. beginning in 1803 with a work composed for a revolutionary new instrument, the keyed trumpet.
On the earlier form of the instrument, the natural trumpet, it was impossible to play at half-note intervals, making it unsuitable for use as a solo instrument in the same way as, for example, string instruments. In 1792, however, Anton Weidinger (1766-1852), a musician in the Imperial Royal Court, developed a five-keyed version of the instrument that made it possible to play a full chromatic scale. In order to demonstrate his invention, Weidinger asked Joseph Haydn to write a trumpet concerto, which was duly performed in March 1800. The second major work for the instrument was written by Johann Nepomuk Hummel in 1803. This work provided the audience with an opportunity to experience scales never before heard from a trumpet. Weidinger’s keyed trumpet proved to be a short-lived invention as it was soon superseded by the invention in 1820 of the valve trumpet we know today.
A perpetual motion machine
Johan Strauss the Younger is primarily known for his waltzes. His exuberant polka from 1861, Perpetuum Mobile, is a musical joke – a work without end, just as the title suggests. Conductors generally end it abruptly with a gesture of ‘that’s enough of that’.
Contemporary composer H.K. Gruber’s Charivari is a variation on Perpetuum Mobile and the two works are often played attacca, i.e. following on directly from one another with no pause. Gruber considers Strauss’ cheery theme to be a mask of false conviviality that the Austrian has hidden himself behind since the work was written. Gruber develops and deconstructs the theme until the mask is climactically torn off.
The title of the work refers to an accessory widely worn with Bohemian traditional costume.
Webern’s Opus 1
A passacaglia is characterised by being played over a persistent bass part or ostinato, that repeats throughout the piece. Anton Webern composed his Passacaglia in 1908, juts after completing four years of study under Arnold Schönberg. Webern’s Passacaglia is a thoughtful piece that takes unexpected turns, with an enveloping crescendo and great drama.
Romance and atonality
For a time, Ernst Krenek was married to Gustav Mahler’s daughter, Anna. Mahler’s widow Alma asked him to attempt the completion of her late husband’s tenth symphony and Krenek did make some initial revisions, although he did not persevere. In the late 1920s, he began to take an interest in serial composition techniques and atonality, something that led to his work being labelled ‘degenerate’ by the Nazis. He emigrated to the United States in 1938. His Symphony No. 4 was composed in 1947 and combines late-Romantic expression with modern composition techniques. It is difficult not to think about the score to Jaws when one hears the deep brass at the beginning of the work. The bass drum takes a prominent and powerful role in the finale.
Malmö SymfoniOrkester (MSO) grundades 1925 och består av ca 90 heltidsanställda yrkesmusiker från nästan 20 länder. Orkestern är stolt bärare av den traditionella symfoniska repertoaren, men strävar också efter att föra den symfoniska musiken framåt genom samarbeten med nutida tonsättare och utveckling av nya konsertkoncept.
Flera inspelningar med Malmö SymfoniOrkester har under åren blivit internationellt uppmärksammade med första pris i tävlingar som Cannes Classical Awards och Diapason d’Or. I augusti 2013 inledde orkestern tillsammans med chefsdirigent Marc Soustrot det omfattande arbetet att spela in all symfonisk musik av Camille Saint-Saëns, allt som allt åtta CDs, på skivbolaget Naxos.
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Håkan Hardenberger trumpet
Håkan Hardenberger är vår tids störste trumpetsolist. Utöver att vara en fenomenal solist inom den klassiska repertoaren är han högt ansedd som pionjär för ny, betydande och virtuos repertoar för sitt instrument. Hardenberger framträder med världsledande orkestrar såsom New York Philharmonic, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Wiener Philharmoniker och London Symphony Orchestra. Håkan Hardenberger, född och uppvuxen i Malmö, började studera trumpet som 8-åring för Bo Nilsson, tidigare trumpetare i Malmö SymfoniOrkester.
Last updated 2019-12-17
DURATION: approax. 1 hour 50 minutes incl. intermission
Hummel Trumpet Concerto E major
Strauss the Younger Perpetuum Mobile
- intermission -
Krenek Symphony No. 4
Malmö Symphony Orchestra
Håkan Hardenberger, conductor and trumpet
Concert introduction at the Canal stage 6pm with Einar Öhman
ORGANIZER: Malmö Live Konserthus